About wudu
  • Does wudu break with runny nose as discharge (snot/mucus) comes out of the nose in salah and this also happens due to crying?
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  • Walikum Salaam Waramatullah Warbarkatu. When blood flows down to the nose even if only to the bony upper part one's wudu is broken. [Badai` (1.26), Hindiyya (1.11) quoting al-Muhit, Radd al-Muhtar (1.134) quoting Fath al-Qadir of Ibn al-Humam and al-Bahr al-Raiq of Ibn Nujaym]


    However, if a clot of blood is found in the nose, it does not break ones wudu. [


    As for blood that comes out when blowing ones nose:


    a) if from a flowing wound in the nose, it breaks wudu;

    b) if it flowed down into the nose, it breaks wudu;

    c) if one sneezes and a clot of blood comes out, wudu is not broken�in order to break wudu, the blood needs to have flowed;

    d) if one puts a finger into one's nose, blood found on the finger will not break wudu, unless it was such that one is reasonably sure that it had flowed.
  • Does wind coming out of a woman's front part break wudu and sometimes I have doubts to actually where the wind comes out from or it actually did? What to do in this situation?
  • The fuqaha’ differed as to whether wudu’ is invalidated by the emission of wind from a woman’s front passage. There are two views:

    1. That it does invalidate wudu’. This is the view of the Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis.

    Imam an-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

    Anything that comes out of the front or back passage of a man or woman invalidates wudoo’, whether it is stools, urine, wind, worms, pus, blood, stones or anything else. There is no differentiation in that regard between what happens rarely and what happens regularly, and there is no differentiation between wind coming out of the front passage of a man or woman or from the back passage. This was stated by ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him) in al-Umm, and our companions are unanimously agreed on that.

    End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 2/3; see also Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, 1/127


    2. That it does not invalidate wudu’. This is the view of the Hanafis and Maalikis.

    It says in Radd al-Muhtaar ‘ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtaar, 1/136: Wudoo’ is not invalidated by emission of wind from the front passage because it is a twitch or tremor, i.e., it is not really wind; even if we say that it is wind, it does not come from a site of impurity, therefore it does not invalidate wudoo’.

    End quote. See Badaa’i‘ as-Sanaa’i‘ by al-Kasaani, 1/25

    Undoubtedly in order to be on the safe side and to ensure that one has discharged one’s duty it is better to do wudoo’ in the event of this wind, because there is such a strong difference of opinion concerning it and because this is more on the safe side, as we have said. It is also closer to the apparent meaning of the evidence, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no wudoo’ unless there is a sound or a smell.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 74; he said: a hasan saheeh hadeeth.

    This hadeeth and similar hadeeths on this topic were quoted as evidence by Imam Ibn al-Mubaarak and others to show that wudoo’ is rendered invalid by emission of wind from the back passage.

    Imam at-Tirmidhi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

    This is the view of the scholars, that he does not have to do wudoo’ except if he breaks wind and hears a sound or notices a smell. ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak said: If he is uncertain as to whether he has broken wind, he does not have to do wudoo’ unless he is so certain that he would swear to it. And he said: If wind is emitted from a woman’s front passage, she has to do wudoo’.

    If this wind is continual and happens in all situations, then this woman comes under the heading of those who are excused, even if she is certain that it comes from the back passage. So she should do wudoo’ for each prayer after the time for it has begun, then offer the obligatory prayer and whatever she wants of naafil (supererogatory) prayers, and she does not have to repeat wudoo’ every time she passes wind.

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